Shading Tips for Sketching

• Experiment with different types of shading – cross hatch, straight lines, squiggly lines, smudging, etc
• Before moving onto any pieces which are more complex in their form, try something simple like a can, apple, or orange. These things tend to have basic lines and require little skill to draw
• Always use your pencil lightly, never press too hard. You will find it easier to erase mistakes with a lightly drawn pencil then a heavily pressed one. If the colour is too light, you can always add more colour by going over the spot again.
• Look at where the light reflects from the item you are drawing. Are there any well defined spots? Lightly draw circles where these patches of light are, with your pencil

• Look at where the shadows are the darkest. This is where your shading will be the most concentrated
• Look at the shape of the item. Is it flat, rounded, bumpy. Try to have your shading follow the contours of the texture/shape. (e.g. if you are shading an apple you would not want to go up and down with the shading, but from one side to the other (horizontally), with a slight curve in the line to emphasize the shape of the apple)
• Use a kneadable eraser to get rid of unwanted lines (blue tac can be used ) such as where you drew the circle for the light
• Look at the item you are sketching carefully and you should see a very thin line of light reflecting off the outer edge of the item. Include this in your shading. You can highlight this line by shading darkly around the item

(Pictures to come when I get a chance to draw them up)

Syndicate content